Each soldier in the Japanese Army is responsible for
his own cooking while in the combat area. As a general
rule, however, the men of a squad do their cooking
together. No stove or other heating apparatus is
carried. Enough food is often cooked in the morning
to last throughout the day. Sometimes the Japanese
have only rice and salt to eat. Sugar is considered a
luxury. It must be obtained in the general area where
the operations take place.
2. EMERGENCY FIVE-DAY RATION
Each soldier usually carries enough food to last him
for five days in the field; infiltration groups may carry
more. At times the Japanese kill and cook dogs, goats, and
other small animals to add to their emergency rations. The
five-day emergency ration includes:
a. Half a pound of hard candy.
b. Can of tea.
c. Package of compact food.
d. Vitamin pills.
e. Package of hardtack.
f. Small sack of rice.
3. OTHER TYPES OF EMERGENCY RATIONS
In Burma the Japanese used two types of emergency
rations. One was known as the "A" scale and
the other as the "B" scale. Each soldier carried rations
for three days on the "A" scale and for one day
on the "B" scale. Neither of the rations was to be
eaten except on orders of the commanding officer when
the unit was separated from its supply column. Each
ration under the "A" scale consisted of about 1 pound
and 3 ounces of rice (enough for two meals) and
one small can of mixed beef and vegetables. The
soldier usually cooked the rice in a small bucket which
he carried for this purpose. The "B" scale ration
consisted of three paper bags of hard biscuits (enough
for three meals).
4. FIELD RATIONS
These generally are of two types, "normal" and "special." The
soldier always carries the special ration, and is issued
the normal ration at mealtimes.
a. Special Type
A single ration includes the following:
20.46 ounces of rice (probably polished);
8.113 ounces of biscuit;
5.3 ounces of canned meat (or 2.1 ounces of dried meat);
4.23 ounces of dried vegetables;
1.09 ounces of dried plums, and small quantities of salt, sugar, and
sometimes a can of beer made from rice.
b. Normal Type
A single ration of this type includes the following:
23.3 ounces of rice;
7.4 ounces of barley;
7.4 ounces of raw meat;
21.16 ounces of vegetables;
2.1 ounces of pickles and small quantities of flavoring, salt, and sugar.
The Japanese are using vitamins to supplement their rations to an
unknown extent. Some of the vitamin tablets are known to consist
mainly of vitamins A and D.