This section deals with the harsh methods used by the
Japanese in dealing with the natives on the Southwest
Pacific islands which the enemy has occupied. The information
comes from Japanese documents, which have
been paraphrased for the sake of clarity. These methods
are described below to acquaint our troops further
with some of the ruthless acts of the enemy, and to give
them some pointers on how not to treat the natives.
2. ON GUADALCANAL
The natives of this island are to be made to cooperate with the
Imperial Army. Unless they submit to 30 days of forced labor, they
cannot obtain a resident's badge. However, women, persons
under 14 and over 50 years old, and the crippled and diseased
will be excused.
b. How to Handle Forced Laborers
Those who submit to forced labor without resistance will appear
at a designated place and be registered. Thereafter they
must live apart from their families in an area to be called
the "fixed dwelling place."
While submitting to forced labor, they will be given a temporary
resident's badge and will be provided with food and other
things necessary for housekeeping (from government supplies).
One stick of tobacco will be given to each laborer per week. As
a rule, give two sticks to the "boss boy" only. Upon completion
of the 30 days of labor, give a loin cloth or other good gift to
laborers who have good records.
All laborers will work 10 hours per day.
c. Discharge of Forced Laborers
When they have completed their 30 days of labor and have permission
from the officer in charge, the laborers can return to their
former abode or move to a suitable place.
If the forced laborers are negligent in their work, their temporary
residence badges will be taken from them after the third
offense and they will have to work 10 additional days. After five
offenses, they will work 20 additional days.
Those who conduct themselves well and are diligent will receive good-conduct badges.
Those who receive the highest good-conduct badges will be made
chiefs and otherwise rewarded.
Divide the chiefs into big and little ones, and give a big chief
jurisdiction over two or more little chiefs.
The chief will receive his control of village affairs from the
government [Japanese], and will act on the orders of the government.
3. IN S.W. PACIFIC AREA AS A WHOLE
The natives of this area are generally simple and docile and
habitually respect their masters. In some respects, however, because
of the previous system of control, they have a habit of
asserting their rights (they easily forget their duties), and many
of them, affected by missionary education and leadership, persist
in those manners.
The following points should be the general standard in handling
a. By the authoritative and strict rules of the Imperial Army,
see that they give us true respect and obedience. Induce them to
become Japanese subjects.
b. Prohibit the religious teaching (usually accompanied by
schooling), which they have had from the missionaries, but do
not restrict the individual faith of the natives.
c. Although you may try to indoctrinate them with the Japanese
type of spiritual training in its entirety, it will be hard for
them to understand and usually there will be no results. For the
present, make them understand well the great power and prestige
of Japan and the superiority of the Japanese race, and bring them
to trust us, admire us, and be devoted to us.
d. Be sure none of the natives serve as spies for the enemy.
In such cases, take severe measures.
e. Do not enter their dwellings or chat with them on a level of equality.
f. The missionaries and Axis country nationals (those remaining
are mostly Germans) use their positions as priests and as
citizens of allied nations to maintain their former rights, profits,
and foothold. On the surface, they promise to cooperate with us,
but the real intentions of many are to further their own interests.
Investigate them very strictly and, without being excessively
high-handed on the surface, direct matters in such a way as to
gradually destroy their power, interests, enterprises, and so forth.
If necessary, seek additional instructions from higher authority.
g. In the new Imperial territory, the churches, their proselyting,
and their education are to be prohibited.
h. The land and all natural resources are government property, and, for
the present, private ownership of them will not be recognized.