A recent British publication gives some excellent pointers on camouflage, including
some principles of general application.
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a. If an effective camouflage idea interferes with an administrative lay-out, change
the administrative lay-out.
b. If a camouflage idea prevents the effective tactical use of a weapon or a position, modify
the camouflage idea.
c. Remember that camouflage is something to be done before and not after. It
should be preventive medicine and not plastic surgery.
d. Therefore, an advance party is worth its weight in gold in planning measures for
concealment. In preparing to take up a position, here is the ideal order of events:
(1) Reconnoiter the site and decide how best you may use any existing pattern to assist concealment.
(2) Plan the paths by which you will reach those positions without leaving "pointers" for
the enemy to follow.
(3) Plan how to reduce to a minimum the mess due to digging, building, etc., and how to
hide whatever part is inevitable.
(4) Hide or disguise the shadows. Cover the shiny surfaces. Make color match the surroundings
as well as you can; but remember that it is more important to have the correct texture
than the correct color.
(5) See that your camouflage plan is understood and followed by all in the unit.
(6) Remember that unless you keep strict traffic control and maintain your camouflage
properly, your position will soon become conspicuous again.
e. Remember that the lower the object, the smaller the shadow cast.
f. Remember that even if you are halted for only a very short time, it is worth while
taking all possible measures for concealment. Once spotted by the enemy, even if you
are not attacked, your game has been given away.
Even if it is only a matter of parking vehicles for a few hours, it is well worth while
sending someone ahead who has studied the principles of concealment to view the ground
you intend to use and to make a plan of how to use it to the best advantage.
If you can follow the principles outlined above, the positions you occupy will look
less like ground taken over by the army. They will therefore look less important
to the enemy, less worth while to photograph, or attack. Finally, remember that
concealment is not hiding for the sake of hiding. It is hiding in order to attack the
enemy with more deadly effect. That is the beginning and end of camouflage of
armies in the field.