In view of the importance of the strong internal defense of towns under siege as
demonstrated in Russia, the following notes on street fighting has particular
significance at this time. The notes which follow are taken from a German
handbook dated January 1939.
It is of interest to compare this article on German methods with British notes
on street fighting contained in the next article.
(1) Towns will be surrounded, and water, power and gas cut off.
(2) The enemy-occupied area will be attacked with the object of dividing
it. These areas will then be isolated into as many pockets as possible, so
as to deny the enemy freedom of movement.
(3) Attacking parties should move in the same direction along parallel
streets. Parties moving in opposite directions create confusion and cause
friendly troops to fire on each other.
(4) High buildings with commanding positions will be taken whenever possible.
(5) Flanking attacks should not be attempted.
(6) Troops should advance along both sides of the street, keeping close to the houses.
(7) Parties should also attack across roofs, and from house to house.
(8) In the streets, men will be detailed to watch roofs, windows, crossings,
etc., on the side of the street opposite them.
(9) Single light machine guns can be moved along streets to open direct
fire on points of resistance. To destroy large buildings, smaller guns
than 150-mm are useless.
(10) Tanks will not be brought into towns.
(11) Areas occupied will be systematically searched.
(1) The enemy must not be able to pick out the main defense areas. These
should therefore not be on the edge of the town, where strongpoints only
should be used to threaten the enemy's flank.
(2) Important buildings must be defended from positions outside, and not
from the building itself.
(3) The enemy should be driven into pockets, and any advanced elements
cut off by sudden flank attacks.
(4) All windows will be left open so that the enemy will not know out of
which window fire may come, and thus he will be unable to concentrate his
(5) Do not fire from the window-sill, but from a point as far back as possible.
(6) Remove tiles to make loopholes. Good positions can also be obtained
(7) Barricades must be properly erected and well covered with fire.
(8) Use all means possible to keep streets illuminated at night.