The following report is a literal translation of a portion of a Russian
publication concerning the most effective methods of fire against
For the successful conduct of fire against enemy tanks, we should proceed as follows:
a. Manner of Conducting Fire for the Destruction of Enemy Tanks
(1) While conducting fire against enemy tanks, and while maneuvering
on the battlefield, our tanks should seek cover in partially defiladed positions.
(2) In order to decrease the angle of impact of enemy shells, thereby
decreasing their power of penetration, we should try to place our tanks at an
angle to the enemy.
(3) In conducting fire against German tanks, we should carefully observe
the results of hits, and continue to fire until we see definite signs of a hit
(burning tanks, crew leaving the tank, shattering of the tank or the turret). Watch
constantly enemy tanks which do not show these signs, even though they
show no signs of life. While firing at the active tanks of the enemy, one should
be in full readiness to renew the battle against those apparently knocked out.
b. Basic Types of German Tanks and their Most Vulnerable Parts
The types of tanks most extensively used in the German Army are the
following: the 11-ton Czech tank, the Mark III, and the Mark IV. The
German self-propelled assault gun (Sturmgeschütz) has also been
In addition to the above-mentioned types of tanks, the German Army uses
tanks of all the occupied countries; in their general tactical and technical
characteristics, their armament and armor, these tanks are inferior.
(1) Against the 11-ton Czech tank, fire as follows:
(a) From the front--against the turret and gun-shield, and below the turret gear case;
(b) From the side--at the third and fourth bogies, against the driving sprocket, and at the gear case under the turret;
(c) From behind--against the circular opening and against the exhaust vent.
Remarks: In frontal fire, with armor-piercing shells, the armor of the turret
may be destroyed more quickly than the front part of the hull. In firing
at the side and rear, the plates of the hull are penetrated more readily than the
plates of the turret.
(2) Against Mark III tanks, fire as follows:
(a) From the front--at the gun mantlet and at the driver's port, and the machine-gun mounting;
(b) From the side--against the armor protecting the engine, and against the turret ports;
(c) From behind--directly beneath the turret, and at the exhaust vent.
Remark: In firing from the front against the Mark III tank, the turret is
more vulnerable than the front of the hull and the turret gear box. In firing
from behind, the turret is also more vulnerable than the rear of the hull.
(3) Against the self-propelled assault gun, fire as follows:
(a) From the front--against the front of the hull, the drivers port, and below the tube of the gun;
(b) From the side--against the armor protecting the engine, and the turret.
(c) From behind--against the exhaust vent and directly beneath the turret.
(4) Against the Mark IV, fire as follows:
(a) From the front--against the turret, under the tube of the gun, against the driver's port, and the machine-gun mounting;
(b) From the side--at the center of the hull at the engine compartment, and against the turret port.
(c) From behind--against the turret, and against the exhaust vent.
Remarks: It should be noted that in firing against the front of this tank, the
armor of the turret is more vulnerable than the front plate of the turret gear box, and
of the hull. In firing at the sides of the tank, the armor plate of the engine
compartment and of the turret, is more vulnerable than the armor of the turret gear box.