Code names are used by Allied forces to designate Japanese aircraft. In
order to make these code names more familiar, there is set forth below a list of
the names used to designate some of the Japanese fighters, followed by a brief
explanation of their significance.
|1. Hap|| ||5. Oscar|
|2. Rufe||6. Claude|
|3. Zeke||7. Dick|
|4. Nate||8. Perry|
Hap, Rufe, and Zeke are all Type Zero aircraft. Zeke is designated by the
Japanese as the Type Zero, Mark I, Carrier-borne Fighter, Model 2. The
designation of Hap is the same, except that Hap is Mark II where Zeke
is Mark I. Rufe is a float-plane fighter, and except for the substitution
of the float to replace the wheeled landing gear, this aircraft is
believed to be practically the same as Zeke structurally.
Nate is Type 97. It has seen service in various areas, but being an older
model, its performance is not up to that of the more recent Hap and Zeke.
Oscar is Type 1, and is believed to be a modification of Nate.
Claude, Dick, and Perry have been less frequently encountered than the
fighters above mentioned. They are, respectively, Type 96, Type 98, and
It is well to bear in mind that Japanese fighter aircraft appear to be used
with minor alterations by both the Army and Navy Air Services. Zeke
and Hap, although used prominently by the Navy, have been reported in
operation with Army units also. Likewise, Nate and Oscar, which have
been reported most frequently in use by the Army, have, upon occasions
of emergency, been used by the Naval Air Service.
For further details on these planes see Tactical
and Technical Trends, No. 19, p. 1.