Among enemy tanks recently examined in the Middle East was a Pz. Kw. 3 mounting
a short-barreled 75-mm gun (7.5-cm KwK 38), identical with the short-barreled gun
mounted on the Pz. Kw. 4.* The tank had been demolished, but it
appeared that the only alteration, apart from the substitution of
the 75-mm gun for the normal 50-mm gun, was the fitting of the
armored barrel-sleeve into the front plate of the recoil mechanism
belonging to the 75-mm. (Compare accompanying sketch with sketch of Pz. Kw. 3 armed
with the long-barreled 50-mm gun, appearing
in Tactical and Technical Trends, No. 20, p. 11.)
The German nomenclature for this tank is not known, but recently the
Germans have referred to an Einheitspanzer. This is said to be a new standard
tank combining the best features of both Pz. Kw. 3 and 4, and to consist
of a Pz. Kw. 3 chassis with a short-barreled 75-mm gun mounted in the
turret. If this is true, the tank examined may be an Einheitspanzer.
Another Pz. Kw. 3 with the short-barreled 75-mm gun has been captured
in Tunisia. Presumably this is the same model tank as that examined in
the Middle East.
*Recently Pz. Kw. 4's with a long-barreled 75-mm gun have been encountered
by Allied forces (see Tactical and
Technical Trends, No. 20, p. 10).