TM-E 30-451 Handbook on German Military Forces

[DISCLAIMER: The following text is taken from the U.S. War Department Technical Manual, TM-E 30-451: Handbook on German Military Forces published in March 1945. — Figures and illustrations are not reproduced, see source details. — As with all wartime intelligence information, data may be incomplete or inaccurate. No attempt has been made to update or correct the text. — Any views or opinions expressed do not necessarily represent those of the website.]



3. Booby Traps

a. MATERIALS. The following standard materials have been used in German booby traps:



C.V.P.I. Mines.

Improvised wooden mines.

Prepared charges.

Mortar bombs.

Hand grenades.

Italian B.4 mines.

Italian hand grenades.

French antitank mines.

British G.S. mines Mks. II, IV, and V.

British gun cotton slabs.

British aircraft bombs.

b. METHODS OF SETTING. The booby traps are set ordinarily in the following ways:

Tellermines with anti-lifting devices.

Tellermines connected by prima cord to two or more E.P. mines and fitted with an anti-lifting device.

S-Mines with pull igniters.

C.V.P.I. mines with setting at "K" and a trip or pull wire.

Prepared charges, concealed in rubbish, fitted with pull igniters and pull wires.

Charges inside a water bottle fitted with a pull igniter to detonate on the withdrawal of the cork.

Mortar bombs fitted with S.Mi.Z.35 igniter.

Egg and stick grenades fitted with pull igniters.

Italian B.4 mines with trip wires.

French antitank mines with pull igniters.

British aircraft bombs with pull igniters and trip wires.

Empty German mine cases with pull igniters attached to the bottom of the crate or inside of the lid.

c. EMPLOYMENT IN BUILDINGS. Pull igniters inserted in prepared charges, grenades, and standard mines commonly are used as booby traps in buildings. The friction igniter ZDSCHN. ANZ. 29, attached to a prepared detonator, also is used with a pull cord. The trip or pull wires may be laid across entrances and doorways, across stairways, or attached to doors of rooms, cupboards, or to windows. Both ends of wires should be investigated for traps. If wires are in tension, they must not be cut until this investigation has been carried out. Pressure igniters commonly are found under loose boards and door mats. The DZ.35 type is the igniter usually employed.


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